Skincare 101

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Photo by Autumn Goodman from Unsplash

Skin care can seem daunting especially if the current extent of your care is washing your face with body wash (screams in horror.) But it doesn’t have to be too hard. Let this article help you!

The T-Zone

The T-zone is the area of the face made up by the forehead, chin nose and mouth area. Essentially it forms a T like structure on your face. This area often comes up when we talk about skin care as it is usually more oily than the rest of the face, due to more sebaceous glands.

Skin types

photo by Chris Knight from Unsplash

Oily:

Oily skin is due to an overproduction of sebum by your sebaceous glands.This skin type is often prone to acne, due to the pores getting clogged by oil the sebum. On the plus side due to the moisture in this skin type, they are less likely to get wrinkles. Oily skin often looks shiny and can appear greasy later on in the day. Oily skin often has larger, visible pores and may find that makeup ‘slides’ off easily.

Combination:

This term describes skin that is dry in some areas and oily in others. Generally the T-Zone will appear oilier while the cheeks and temple will appear dry. Pores will appear larger too. Combo skin can be prone to acne and flaking.

Dry:

Dry skin is characterized by red, tight and flaky skin because it lacks moisture. Dry skin can be made worse by a variety of factors such as diet and your environment. Some products can dry out the skin as well. Because of the lack of moisture dry skin is more prone to wrinkles and cracking. Exfoliation and heavy moisture are your best friends here.

Normal:

Normal skin describes a skin type that is well balanced. It is characterized by small pores, even tone and good hydration without the oil.

Ageing skin

As you get older our skin changes. It will become looser, age spots will appear and you may notice it become drier. Meaning wrinkles! Skin also becomes thinner and loses fat in the form of college. This can lead to sagging. Ageing skin is spend up by exposure to the sun.

Photo by Kirsi Farm from Unsplash

What should be in your skincare arsenal

1. Cleanser:

A cleanser is usually a liquid that washing the dirt of the day away. Dermatologists agree that cleansing twice daily is recommended. After all we needed to ensure our skin is clean before we proceed. Make sure to find one that matched your skin type and sensitivity.

2. Toner:

Generally used after the cleanser, the toner helps to remove anything the cleanser missed, minimize the pore, prepare the skin for any product that comes after and restores the skin to its natural ph. A very important part of your skin care and always leaves your skin feeling fresh.

3. Moisturizer:

Moisturizers are the hydrating drink for your skin. While some will contain added delights such as spf (for the day) or anti-aging (for aging skin) it essentially gives the skin a much needed boost of moisture to keep it glowing and healthy. Rub it on your face, neck and chest to keep it young and fresh.

4. Exfoliator:

To exfoliate is to take the dead skin cells away from your face and other parts of your body. This allows for keeping cleaning and better absorption of your moisturizers. Not only does it give you skin a glow but keeps it from acne breakouts as dead skin came clog pores. Exfoliate at least twice a week but do some research first on which one is the best for your skin type and sensitivity.

5. Sunscreen :

The crowning jewel of skincare. It keeps you from getting sunburnt and from harmful UV rays from hurting your skin. Therefore protecting you from skin cancer, freckles and premature ageing. Remember to reapply every 60-80 minutes and always put on more than you think.

6. Masks:

Now to the extras section of the article. While masks are ‘needed’ they sure are nice and quite helpful. There are many kinds of masks all with different purposes. Some hydrate, some exfoliate and some give a collagen boost. The possibilities are endless. It depends on what you want and need. Sheet masks are the most gentle on the skin although some people don’t like having a physical thing to put on your face. And the more environmentally conscience may not like having the extra waste.

7. Serums:

A pricey extra that helps to fight free radical damage and repair the cells. An example is retinol which help with collagen production. Best used at night after cleansing and toning before you moisturize.

Next we explore what each of us uses….